State Resources

Virginia Business Resources

Virginias is rich in history. It is the home of the first English settlement in North America as well as four of the first five presidents, was the tenth state admitted to the Union, and the location of several decisive battles in the American Civil War.

Prior to the Civil War, Virginia’s economy relied heavily on tobacco. After the war, the economy diversified with the introduction of livestock and grain. Later, manufacturing became increasing important with chemicals, tobacco and food products, and textiles as the top manufactures. The second World War also increased federal government activity in the Washing, DC area.

Today, Virginia’s leading industries are in the service sector, including the successful finance, insurance, and real estate markets. Other growth has come from the expansion of federal offices into Virginian suburbs of Washington, making the state’s proximity to the capital an essential part of the economy.

Business Data

Per Capita Real GDP$41,702 Rank: 8/50 (2006)
Population7,078,520 Rank: 12/50 (2000)
Per Capita Personal Income$39,173 Rank: 9/50 (2006)
Unemployment Rate3.40% Rank: 10/50 (2008)
Business Tax Climate IndexRank: 14/50 (2008)
Corporate Tax Rate6%
Individual Tax Rate 2% - 5.75%
Sales Tax Rate 5%

Business Tax Climate Index

Individual Income Tax Index Rank21
Sales Tax Index Rank6
Unemployment Insurance Tax Index Rank29
Property Tax Index Rank23
Business Tax Climate Index14
Corporate Tax Index Rank4

State Information

Nick NameOld Dominion
State Web Site
MottoThus always to tyrants

Top 5 Export Partner Countries

Canada, Germany, China, Japan, United Kingdom

Top 5 Export Merchandise

Chemicals Sales Transportation Equipment Sales Electrical Equipment Manufacturing Computers and Electronic Products Manufacturing Chemicals Manufacturing

Major Cities

Chesapeake, Norfolk, Virginia Beach


Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Millions) $382,964.00 (2007)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$41,617.00 Rank: 9 (2007)

Population Stats

Population 7,769,089 Rank: 12 (2008)

Age Distribution

Under 18 Population1,738,260
Under 18 Percent of Total Population25%
65 and older Population792,333
65 and older Percent of Total Population11%

Gender Distribution

Male Population49%
Female Population51%
Non-English Speaker (at home)600,885
Net International Immigration139,977
Birth Rate13.9%
Percent of People Under Poverty Level10%


Per Capita State Spending$35,313
Energy Expenditures per Person$3,740
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems$2,779,040


Personal Income$46,664
State Internal Revenue Collection$61,989,886
Cash and Deposits by State Government$1,940,800
Per Capita State Tax Collection$2,262


High School Graduation Rate68.3%
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree19.6%
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree13.3%

Largest Universities

George Mason University Virginia Commonwealth University Virginia Polytechnic Institute
High School Graduation Rate68.3%


Public Road Length (Mile)72,331
Gas Tax Rate (%)17.5%
Highway Planning and Construction (USD Thousands)867,826
Number of Public Airports66

Main Airports

ORF: Norfolk RIC: Richmond ROA: Roanoke


Hampton Roads Hopewell Richmond



State Business Links

Times Dispatch

Secretary of State

Virginia Secretary of State
One of the functions of our office is to assist the Governor in his appointments of over 4,000 individuals to serve on Virginia's boards and commissions. All Virginians are encouraged to participate in the government of our Commonwealth by offering to serve on a board or commission, or by recommending qualified candidates.

Small Business Administration

Top 10 Business Links

Global Virginia
Global Virginia is an international business and education program of the Southwest Virginia Higher Education Center. Its primary goal is to equip students with the adequate skills to thrive in a global economy. However, the center also provides other services catered to state business needs. These include import/export assistance, video-conferencing capabilities, and access to trade leads.
The Virginia Electronic Technology Center (VECTEC)
VECTEC is an arm of Christopher Newport University, dedicated to promoting economic development through the use of E-commerce. The center mainly focuses on SMBs, helping them gain access to such technology. A few of the services that VECTEC offers include technology education programs, web design, as well as E-commerce systems implementation.
US Export Assistance Center of Virginia
This branch of the Department of Commerce specializes in helping small, to medium sized companies, in Virginia, develop and execute exporting strategies. Aside from this, the center in Virginia also hosts meetings and webinars, highlighting opportunities in different global regions.
Virginia Business
Virginia Business is an online source of state business news and opinions. The website also features various multimedia links, as well as a business blog.
Virginia Department of Business Assistance (VDBA)
The VDBA is a state agency dedicated to the fostering economic growth in the state. It places heavy emphasis on small and minority businesses, and provides a variety of information resources and counseling services for their needs. Their website also offers an online chat service for users who require quick business advice.
Virginia Economic Bridge
The Virginia Economic Bridge is an organization dedicated to promoting competitiveness within the state business community. It has several service-based programs, as well as other services such as database development and management.
Virginia Economic Development Partnership (VEDP)
The VEDP is a state body aiming to facilitate both in, and out-of-state trade. It specializes in providing assistance for state businesses who wish to expand globally, as well as foreign companies who are looking to establish themselves within the state. Its website offers information including statistical data, and county information.